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English Grammar: Singular and Plural Nouns

Singular-Plural_English Grammar
Singular and Plural Nouns

In grammar, singular and plural are grammatical numbers that indicate the quantity or number of people, animals, things or concepts:

Singular: This form is used when referring to one person, animal, thing, or concept. Examples include “book,” “cat,” “teacher,” and “idea.”
e.g. “The cat is sleeping.”

Plural: This form is used when referring to more than one person, animal, thing, or concept. Plurals are often formed by adding an “s” or “es” to the singular form.
e.g. “The cats are sleeping.” “The children are playing.”

It’s important to note that some nouns have irregular plural forms and don’t follow the typical “s” or “es” pattern. For example:

  • Singular: man, woman, child
  • Plural: men, women, children

In addition to nouns, verbs, pronouns, and other parts of speech may also change form to match the singular or plural nature of the subject in a sentence. Understanding and using singular and plural correctly is crucial for clear and accurate communication in English and many other languages.


Regular Singular and Plural Nouns:

  • Dog – Dogs
  • Cat – Cats
  • Book – Books
  • Teacher – Teachers
  • Idea – Ideas
  • Car – Cars
  • House – Houses
  • Child – Children
  • Table – Tables
  • City – Cities
  • Chair – Chairs
  • Flower – Flowers
  • Student – Students
  • Laptop – Laptops
  • Elephant – Elephants
  • Bird – Birds
  • Pen – Pens
  • Mountain – Mountains
  • River – Rivers
  • Sun – Suns
  • Moon – Moons
  • Star – Stars
  • Apple – Apples
  • Banana – Bananas
  • Clock – Clocks
  • Hat – Hats
  • Ocean – Oceans
  • Song – Songs
  • Artist – Artists
  • Movie – Movies
  • Friend – Friends
  • Globe – Globes
  • Robot – Robots
  • Game – Games
  • Pizza – Pizzas
  • Train – Trains
  • Fish – Fish
  • Turtle – Turtles
  • Butterfly – Butterflies
  • Bridge – Bridges
  • Toothbrush – Toothbrushes
  • Guitar – Guitars
  • Cloud – Clouds
  • Key – Keys
  • Door – Doors
  • Window – Windows
  • Mirror – Mirrors
  • Light – Lights
  • Camera – Cameras
  • Beach – Beaches

Irregular Singular and Plural Nouns:

  • Woman – Women
  • Man – Men
  • Child – Children
  • Tooth – Teeth
  • Foot – Feet
  • Mouse – Mice
  • Goose – Geese
  • Person – People
  • Cactus – Cacti
  • Focus – Foci
  • Leaf – Leaves
  • Knife – Knives
  • Life – Lives
  • Wife – Wives
  • Half – Halves
  • Elf – Elves
  • Shelf – Shelves
  • Thief – Thieves
  • Wolf – Wolves
  • Self – Selves
  • Hero – Heroes
  • Potato – Potatoes
  • Tomato – Tomatoes
  • Calf – Calves
  • Loaf – Loaves
  • Mouse – Mice
  • Louse – Lice
  • Ox – Oxen
  • Goose – Geese
  • Die – Dice
  • Foot – Feet
  • Child – Children
  • Person – People
  • Sheep – Sheep
  • Deer – Deer
  • Fish – Fish (same for both singular and plural)
  • Aircraft – Aircraft (same for both singular and plural)
  • Series – Series (same for both singular and plural)
  • Species – Species (same for both singular and plural)
  • Corps – Corps (same for both singular and plural)
  • Bacterium – Bacteria
  • Criterion – Criteria
  • Medium – Media
  • Phenomenon – Phenomena
  • Datum – Data
  • Curriculum – Curricula
  • Alumnus – Alumni
  • Index – Indices
  • Thesis – Theses
  • Crisis – Crises

also see:

ONLINE GRAMMAR QUIZZES with CERTIFICATES
ENGLISH GRAMMAR_1
ENGLISH GRAMMAR_2
GRAMMAR: SPOT THE ERROR
USEFUL EXPRESSIONS IN ENGLISH SPEAKING
WORD FORMATION PROCESSES
PHONETICS
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