A simple sentence structure contains one independent clause and no dependent clauses. It has only one Subject and one Predicate.
e.g. He reads.
e.g. They were playing cricket on the ground.
e.g. In the evening, he came and helped her.
- Despite being ill, he took the exams.
- On seeing the police, he ran away.
- Having completed the work, he went home.
- She is an intelligent girl.
- He took his father’s advice.
|The Simple Sentence contains a subject and verb. It expresses a complete thought.
e.g. Henry (subject) plays (verb) football every afternoon.
A compound sentence is composed of at least two independent clauses. It does not require a dependent clause. It comprises of two or more Coordinate clauses.
- He was ill, but he attended the meeting.
- John hurt Clara, yet she cares for him a lot.
- He saw the police and he ran away.
- Do not touch the electric wire or you will get the shock.
- She was scared, so she did not open the door.
|In Compound Sentence, there are multiple Independent Clauses and no dependent clause. All the clauses are joined together by coordinating conjunctions. Such sentences have two finite verbs and two subjects.
A complex sentence has one or more dependent clauses (also called subordinate clauses). It comprises of one Main clause and one or more Subordinate Clauses.
- If you work hard, you will pass the exam.
- They did not go there because it was raining heavily.
- Although he was very poor, he educated his children.
- As it was very hot, everyone had cold drinks.
- Unless you help, the problem will not be solved.
|Complex sentence consists of at least one independent clause and one dependent clause. There are two finite verbs joined by subordinating conjunction. Subordinate conjunctions connect two unequal parts, e.g., dependent and independent clauses.
Here is the list of subordinating conjunctions: