Adverb is the word which provides extra information about verb, adjective or other adverb. It helps to modify and qualify verb, adjective or other adverb. e.g. globally, seriously, more, quite, very, too, always, inside, daily etc.
TYPES OF ADVERBS
Adverbs of Time
A word that tells the time of an action is called adverb of time. Whenever you want to add information of ‘when’ to a verb, the adverb of time will be the answer. Adverbs of time tell you when something happened. They express a point in time.
Examples: I met the Principal yesterday. He is intending to go abroad the day after tomorrow. We are damned busy now, see you later. At that moment, Clara was cleaning the house. The children were playing football on the ground then. James waited for him for an hour and then left in anger. I have got to go home now, sorry. Mary is going to attend the party in the evening. He was ready to help others all the time. David read a novel for a while and fell asleep. The train arrived three hours late. Could you please, wait for a few minutes? She will shift to a hostel next month. He has already submitted the form to the office. The mother had been working since morning. They will arrive very soon. When I talk to my mother, I feel extremely happy. Garry could not sleep last night because he had a nightmare. I have never been to London before, but I am going there next week. How long, this will go on?
Adverbs of Place
An adverb of place always talks about the location where the action of the verb is being carried out.
Adverbs of place can be directional. e.g. up, down, around, away, north, southeast.They can refer to distances. e.g. nearby, far away, miles apart. They can indicate an object’s position in relation to another object. e.g. below, between, above, behind, through, around. Many adverbs of place indicate movement in a particular direction and end in the letters “-ward or -wards”. e.g. toward, forward, backward, homeward, westward, eastwards, onwards.
Examples: The principal’s office is downstairs. John sat next to Mary in the Conference Hall. The file was kept in the cupboard. The post-office is located nearby our college. Children are playing outdoors. He has applied for overseas jobs. He had gone there yesterday. The key was misplaced somewhere. The cat was sleeping under the table. They are living in the U.S. at present. You will find the washroom upstairs. Come here. He was sitting beside the fire-place. The ball went upwards. The bag was lying on the seat, inside the car. They swam across the river. Mary was one step ahead the time. The Bennets had gone out of station for a week. She kept the fruits on the table. He came back to home.
Adverbs of Manner
Adverbs of manner describe how something happens. For example, it is possible to walk or run at different speeds. The words used to describe walking or running at different speeds (quickly or slowly for example) are excellent examples of adverbs of manner. Adverbs of manner are really useful because they let us add a lot of extra details to descriptions, to make what we say more interesting and dynamic to the listener or reader.
Examples: She danced so elegantly. He ran very fast in the race yesterday. I replied to their mail immediately. If you practice regularly, you can speak English fluently. It has been raining heavily since morning. They worked so hard in the farm to reap this harvest. Jack was speaking to Simon very aggressively. Now, gently open your eyes. He sang the song sweetly. The mother cooked the food deliciously. Piggy finished all sandwiches greedily. Mary decorated the entire house beautifully. She is feeling well now. All students must sit straight. Emma readily accepted the proposal of marriage. Read all the instructions carefully. Children were listening to the teacher very attentively. As a students of law, you must think logically and critically. He argued convincingly. She completed her degree successfully.
Adverbs of Reason
Adverbs of Reason are words used to tell the reason behind the happening of a particular occurrence. Some examples of the Adverbs of reason are – therefore, hence, because, so, etc. These are also called the adverbs of purpose.
She was not feeling well, so she didn’t go to college yesterday. Antonio always insulted Shylock, hence the latter was hell-bent on taking revenge. We are so busy right now, therefore, would not be able to come there. Because of his misbehaviour, he was scolded by the teacher. Antonio was taken to the Venetian court, consequently, Portia reached there as a disguised male lawyer. They are best friends, thus, they are sad to part their ways now. Since it was very hot, he turned the A/c on. The network was fluctuating, hence I switched my phone off. He was very angry, so he didn’t eat anything.
Adverbs of Degree
Adverbs of degree help us to express ‘how much’ (or to what extent) we do something. An adverb of degree is a word that modifies an adjective, a verb, or another adverb that tells to what level or extent.
Adverbs of degree can be split into two groups:
A. Adverbs that intensify the degree of something (e.g. very, totally, completely, absolutely) For example: I’m totally agreed with your opinion.
B. Adverbs that weaken the degree of something (e.g. fairly, quite, slightly, a bit) For example: I’m fairly certain that he will not come.
I am quite doubtful about this. You are absolutely right. Her performance was tremendously outstanding. We thoroughly enjoyed the party last night. Clara was looking extremely beautiful at her wedding. Jack is very tall. Those were really happy days of my life. She walks rather fast. Tom speaks too fast to understand anything. He is pretty good at football.
Adverbs of Frequency
Adverbs of frequency tell us how often an activity happens. We can use modal verbs with adverbs of frequency. For example, we can use the auxiliary verbs can, should and might, which express ability (can), obligation (should), and possibility (might).
Examples: Sometimes I get up early. You should always wear a mask while going outside. We might never meet each other again. John visits a church very often. Every week, we visit our home-town. He attends lectures regularly. Jack gets paid hourly. I rarely visit that place. Normally, they go to office together. We have to submit a report monthly.
Adverbs of Negation
Adverbs of negation are words which declare that a given statement is false, or negative.
Examples: I am no longer interested in that project. She has never seen him
They hardly talk to each other.
Jack rarely drinks milk at night.
Peter scarcely carries out his duties in the office.
I will not listen to you at all.
Robert made arguments invalidly.
He is not very honest.
She spoke contradictorily correct.
Adverbs of Affirmation
Adverbs of affirmation are words which declare that a given statement or fact is true, or positive.
Examples: Don’t worry, he will certainly repay your loan. He is obviously smart You are definitely right. Jack exactly knows how to fix a car. Doubtlessly, they love each other. She clearly said ‘no’ to the proposal. The family is truly amazing. I will surely come with you. We can probably go there tomorrow. It is perfectly done.
Adverbs of Interrogation
The Wh-words like why, where, when, how etc. are the Interrogative adverbs. They are used to ask questions.
Examples: Why are so nervous today? How do you know that? Where are you going to? When will you be available? How often do you meet each other? Why do you believe anybody so easily? Where is your father? How are you doing these days? When will you get free? Why are we doing this?