Home GRAMMAR ACTIVE VOICE-PASSIVE VOICE

ACTIVE VOICE-PASSIVE VOICE

ACTIVE VOICE PASSIVE VOICE-GLOBAL ENGLISH CREATIVITY

In English grammar, a verb may change its form with five important properties or characteristics. They are Person, Number, Mood, Tense and Voice.

VOICE is an important section of English grammar. In English sentences, Voice associates with verb as well as the quality of that verb. Voice is that form of verb which shows the relationship between the Subject and the Object. Generally, Voice indicates two things: a. whether the subject acts  b. whether the subject is acted upon.

These two situations form two types of Voice:

ACTIVE-PASSIVE VOICE

 

WHAT IS ACTIVE VOICE?
Active Voice indicates a sentence where the subject performs the action expressed or denoted by the Verb.
e.g. He regularly visits ‘Global English Creativity’ website.

 

WHAT IS PASSIVE VOICE?
Passive Voice indicates a sentence where the subject is acted upon by the Verb.
e.g. ‘Global English Creativity’ website is regularly visited by him.

 

CONVERSION IN TENSE FORMS
TENSE ACTIVE PASSIVE
Simple present    write/writes am/ is/ are written
Simple past        wrote was/were written
Simple future shall/will write shall/will be written
Present continuous   am/ is/ are writing am/ is/ are being written
Past Continuous was/were writing was/were being written
Present Perfect have/has written have/has been written
Past Perfect   had written had been written
Future Perfect   shall/will have written shall/will have been written

 

CHANGES IN PRONOUN
ACTIVE VOICE
(Subjective)
PASSIVE VOICE
(Objective)
I by me
You by you
He by him
She by her
It by it
We by us
They by them

 

EXAMPLES
ACTIVE
We make pure ghee from milk. We take out milk-cream and collect it for a few days. Then we boil the milk-cream to turn it into ghee. We will sell the ghee.
PASSIVE
Pure ghee is made from milk. Milk-cream is taken out by us and it is collected for a few days. The milk-cream is then boiled to turn it into ghee by us. The ghee will be sold by us.
ACTIVE
Smith opened the door. The watchman gave him the keys. Smith took the keys. He kept them on the table.
PASSIVE
The door was opened by Smith. The keys were given to him by the watchman. The keys were taken by Smith. They were kept on the table by him.
ACTIVE
The peon rang the bell. The teacher called the students. She taught a new lesson. The students opened the books.
PASSIVE
The bell was rung by the peon. The students were called by the teacher. A new lesson was taught by her. The books were opened by the students.
ACTIVE
That boy stole a purse. The people caught him. They took him to the police station. The policeman scolded the boy.
PASSIVE
A purse was stolen by that boy. He was caught by the people. He was taken to the police station by them. The boy was scolded by the policeman.
ACTIVE
John defeated James. He won the first prize. We congratulated him. He thanked us.
PASSIVE
James was defeated by John. The first prize was won by him. He was congratulated by us. We were thanked by him.
ACTIVE
The young must respect the elders. We must obey our elders. They love us. We should also love them.
PASSIVE
The elders must be respected by the young. Our elders must be obeyed by us. We are loved by them. They should also be loved by us.
ACTIVE
Brian has cleaned the room. Steven has decorated it. Kevin has made tasty dishes. The gardener watered the plants yesterday.
PASSIVE
The room has been cleaned by Brian. It has been decorated by Steven. Tasty dishes have been made by Kevin. The plants were watered by the gardener yesterday.
ACTIVE
Peter took a roll of film. He threaded it carefully into the machine. His son invented the machine. Peter then turned the handle to click the photograph.
PASSIVE
A roll of film was taken by Peter. It was threaded carefully into the machine by him. The machine was invented by his son. The handle was then turned to click the photograph by Peter.
ACTIVE
The hunter had spread the net. The rats are cutting the net. They have set the birds free. The hunter chased the rats away.
PASSIVE
The net had been spread by the hunter. The net is being cut by the rats. The birds have been set free by them. The rats were chased away by the hunter.
ACTIVE
Sophia welcomed the new students. She gave a speech. The students praised her warmth and confidence. They cheered Sophia .
PASSIVE
The new students were welcomed by Sophia . A speech was given by her. Her warmth and confidence were praised by the students. Sophia was cheered by them.

useful english speaking expressions

ACTIVE
My father looks after this account. We often put many responsibilities upon him. He does his duties well. We pay great respect towards him.
PASSIVE
This account is looked after by my father. Many responsibilities are often put upon him by us. His duties are done well by him. Great respect towards him as paid by us.
ACTIVE
The students use the library magazines regularly. The librarian issues books to them. The children also visit the library. They do not make noise in the library.
PASSIVE
The library magazines are regularly used by the students. They are issued books by the librarian. The library is also visited by the children. Noise is not made in the library by them.
ACTIVE
Amelia has given me a coin. She has found it from the rags. I have never seen such a coin in my life. I will give it to father.
PASSIVE
I have been given a coin by Amelia. It has been found from the rags by her. Such a coin has never been seen in my life by me. It will be given to father by me.
ACTIVE
Henry was playing cricket. He saw a ball lying on the pitch. He called his friends for help. They did not like it.
PASSIVE
Cricket was being played by Henry. A ball lying on the pitch was seen by him. His friends were called for help by him. It was not liked by them.
ACTIVE
Our principal welcomed the new students. He also gave a speech. The students praised him. Our principal thanked them.
PASSIVE
The new students were welcomed by our principal. A speech was also given by him. He was praised by the students. They were thanked by the principal.
ACTIVE
The clerk requests passengers to stand in a queue. He also tells them, “If you do not follow this instruction, I will not open the ticket window in time.”
PASSIVE
The passengers are requested to stand in a queue by the clerk. They are also told by him, “If this instruction is not followed by you, the ticket window will not be opened in time by me.”
ACTIVE
Emma’s father left her in a jungle to die. But a boar took care of her. Hunters brought her up. To avoid marriage she laid down a condition. No one could fulfill it easily.
PASSIVE
Emma was left in a jungle to die by her father. But she was taken care of by a boar. She was brought up by hunters. To avoid marriage a condition was laid down by her. It could be fulfilled easily by no one.
ACTIVE
Trees give us many things. They provide shelter to birds. Why should we cut them down. Shouldn’t we grow trees?
PASSIVE
Many things are given to us by trees. Birds are provided shelter by them. Why should they be cut down by us? Shouldn’t more trees be grown by us?
ACTIVE
What have you bought from the book fair? I have bought nothing. Then why did you visit it? I visited it to pass my free time.
PASSIVE
What has been bought from the book fair by you? Nothing has been bought by me. Then why was it visited by you? It was visited to pass my free time by me.

useful english speaking expressions

ACTIVE
Boys will buy toys tomorrow. They will pay money through a credit card. They will also receive a bill. The will check the toys before taking them home. 
PASSIVE
Toys will be bought by boys tomorrow. Money will be paid through a credit card. The bill will also be received by them. Toys will be checked by them before taking them home.
ACTIVE
Lucy has written two poems. She has published them. I have just read her poems. I have praised her. 
PASSIVE
Two poems have been written by Lucy. They will be published also by her. Her poems have just been read by me. She has been praised by me. 
ACTIVE
‘Do you study Physics? Can you solve the difficult sums?’ My teacher asked me. In his reply, I showed him my correct sums. 
PASSIVE
‘Is Physics studied by you? Can the difficult sums be solved by you?’ I was asked by my teacher. In his reply, my correct sums were shown to him by me.
ACTIVE
We should protect trees. We must not cut them needlessly. We would not get enough rain without them. Will you plant a tree in a year?
PASSIVE
Trees should be protected by us.  They must not be cut needlessly. Enough rain wouldn’t be got by us without them. Will a tree be planted by you in a year?
ACTIVE
Mrunal has to repair a car. She has to visit a bank at the same time. How will she do it? Who will help her?
PASSIVE
A car has to be repaired by Mrunal. A bank has to be visited by her at the same time. How will it be done by her? By whom will she be helped?
ACTIVE
Grace sells delicious sweets. She can prepare parcels daily. We like her sweets. She earns Rs. 10000 per month.
PASSIVE
Delicious sweets are sold by Grace. Parcels can be prepared by her daily. Her sweets are liked by us. Rs. 10000 are earned by her per month.
ACTIVE
George plays chess daily. He can play carom also. He won many trophies in chess. He also defeated many champions. 
PASSIVE
Chess is played by George daily. Carom can also be played by him. Many trophies were won in chess by him. Many champions have been defeated by him.
ACTIVE
John will draw pictures. He doesn’t like music. He can make good drawing too. I like his pictures.
PASSIVE
Pictures will be drawn by John. Music isn’t liked by him. Good drawing can too be made by him. His pictures are liked by me. 
ACTIVE
Daniel changed his phone for a new one. He bought a new phone today. He didn’t pay money for that. He changed some features in the new phone.
PASSIVE
Daniel’s phone was changed for a new one by him. A new phone was bought by him today. Money was not paid for that by him. Some features were changed in the new phone by him.
ACTIVE
I must complete the writing task. I may not get payment without it. I need money quickly. Can you help me?
PASSIVE
The writing task must be completed by me. Payment may not be got without it by me. Money is needed quickly by me. Can I be helped by you?

ENGLISH GRAMMAR

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