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SUMMARY WRITING

summary_writing
What is Summary?
  • A brief statement or account of the main points of something.
  • A short, clear description that gives the main facts or ideas about something.
  • A comprehensive and brief abstract or statements.
  • A short account which gives the main points but not the details.
  • A record in the reader’s own words.
  • A process of recapitulating the main points in selection.
  • A short overview of something longer.
  • A brief statement that presents the main points in a concise form.
  • A form which contains only the ideas of the original text.
EFFECTIVE TIPS TO WRITE SUMMARY

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EXAMPLES
PASSAGE NO.1
My home is a haven for not just me and my wife, but for a horde of cockroaches as well. Most mornings my wife enters the kitchen to find them scurrying away after a night of feasting – a sight that certainly doesn’t improve her disposition, already soured by having to rise early. Grabbing a fly-swatter, she clobbers the fugitive to pulp. The stink would floor anybody, but frequent exposure has hardened her. To the accompaniment of some unladylike swearing, she resolutely cleans up the mess and tackles the housework. This pre-dawn massacre is a regular feature. Yet the cockroach population has not decreased. On the contrary, much to our dismay, we notice fresh ‘reinforcements’. Prolific breeders, the vermin are as determined to survive as we are to exterminate them. Indeed, our ‘chemical warfare’ against the pests would have raised Hans Blix’s hackles. In the process we have built up a small arsenal of spray guns and supposedly toxic pesticides, to which they appear to be largely immune. In fact, it’s not unusual to find them curiously nosing around the pesticides-our WMD or “Weapons of Minimal Damage,” as my better half scornfully terms them. No wonder it’s said that cockroaches will survive even a nuclear attack. We have tried various home-spun remedies in vain. Then we were told that chickens relish roaches. So we starved our six hens and two roosters for half a day and then marched them into the kitchen. They did a good job. Craning their necks into every nook and cranny, they worked overtime gobbling up the vermin.
Dominant Members
Writer’s home is the safety place for numbers of cockroaches. Cockroaches have become the dominant members of the family. From morning till night the writer’s wife would run after the cockroaches to kill them. The operation against cockroaches has been continuously going on. Different remedies are tried to get rid of them. Cockroaches are clobbered into pulp and also killed by using spray guns and toxic pesticides. But all in vain. These weapons are called as the ‘Weapons of Minimal Damage’. Finally, six hens and two roosters are brought to gobble up the vermin. The cockroaches not only harassed the family but also disturbed the mentality of all.

PASSAGE NO.2
Love is a great force in private life, it is indeed the greatest of all things; but love in public affairs does not work. It has been tried again and again; by the people of the Middle Ages, and also by the French Revolution, a secular movement which reasserted the Brotherhood of man. And it has always failed. The idea that nations should love one another, or that business concerns or marketing boards should love one another or that a man in Portugal should love a man in Peru of whom he has never heard – it is absurd, unreal, dangerous. ‘Love is what is needed,’ we chant, and then sit back and the world goes on as before. The fact is we can only love what we know personally. And we cannot know much. In public affairs, in the rebuilding of civilization, something much less dramatic and emotional is needed, namely tolerance. Tolerance is a very dull virtue. It is boring. It is negative. It merely means putting up with people, being able to stand things. No one has ever written an ode to tolerance, or raised a statute to her. Yet this is the quality which will be most needed after the war. This is the sound state of mind we are looking for. This is the only force, which will enable different races and classes and interests to settle down together to the work of reconstruction.

The world is very full of people – appallingly full; it has never been so full before, and they are all tumbling over each other. Most of these people on doesn’t like. Well, what is one to do? If you don’t like people, put up with them as well as you can. Don’t try to love them; you can’t. But try to tolerate them. On the basis of that tolerance a civilized future may be built. Certainly I can see no other foundation for the post-war world.

Love and Tolerance
The passage says that while love is powerful in personal relationships, it doesn’t work well in public affairs like politics or business. People have tried to make it work, but it always fails. The idea of countries or businesses loving each other is unrealistic and even dangerous. Instead, the passage suggests that what’s needed in public affairs, like rebuilding societies after wars, is tolerance. Tolerance means accepting people even if you don’t like them much. It’s not as exciting as love, but it’s important for getting different groups to work together. The author believes tolerance is the key to building a better world after conflicts.

MORE EXAMPLES WILL BE ADDED SOON



also see

REPORT WRITING FILM REVIEW
MIND MAPPING BOOK REVIEW
EMAIL WRITING ART OF COMPERING
BLOG WRITING STATEMENT OF PURPOSE (SOP)
APPEAL WRITING GROUP DISCUSSION
TAKING INTERVIEW DRAFTING VIRTUAL MESSAGES
EXPANSION OF IDEA RESUME/CV/BIO-DATA
SPEECH WRITING
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β€œI am a Professor of English Language. I am able to teach English, using my own Creativity. I always like to create something innovative. My dream is to make the English teaching-learning process joyous, providing solutions to all Global educational needs." - Prof. Dipak Burhade

41 COMMENTS

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    You have been working hard for English activities for last two years .
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  7. Thank you for sharing your thoughts. I really appreciate your efforts and I am waiting for your further write ups thanks once again.

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