Home GRAMMAR Use of ‘so’ / ‘because’

Use of ‘so’ / ‘because’

'so' 'because'

So and because are commonly used conjunctions in English. They are used for a particular reasons and in a particular situations. So is a coordinating conjunction. It shows the effect/result/purpose. Because is a subordinating conjunction. It shows the cause/reason. Both are used at the middle, to join two different sentences systematically.

It was raining heavily so we didn’t go out.
We didn’t go out because it was raining heavily.

So


So
indicates the effect/result/purpose of action


John was ill so he couldn’t attend the meeting.

We have holidays for two weeks so we planed to visit India.
I studied hard so I passed the exam with good marks.

Because


Because
indicates the cause/reason of action

Clara was very happy because she had won the prize.
My father scolded me because I was late.
He can’t talk well because he is frightened.


Examples: Set 1

I was not feeling well yesterday, so I remained absent for the meeting.

I remained absent for the meeting because I was not feeling well.

John didn’t study hard, so he failed in the examination.

John failed in the examination because he didn’t study hard.

The students were making noise in the classroom, so the teacher scolded them all.

The teacher scolded them all because the students were making noise in the classroom.

She was lost in her own thoughts, so she couldn’t hear the phone ringing.

She couldn’t hear the phone ringing because she was lost in her own thoughts.

Antonio often insulted Shylock, so the latter decided to take revenge on the former.

Shylock decided to take revenge on Antonio because the latter often insulted the former.

David was very rich, so he could buy expensive gifts for his girl-friend.

David could buy expensive gifts for his girl-friend because he was very rich.

Clara slipped over on the floor, so she got a cramp in her right leg.

Clara got a cramp in her right leg because she slipped over on the floor.

Robert was very tired, so he took rest for some time.

Robert took rest for some time because he was very tired.

The train arrived late, so she reached the office late.

She reached the office late because the train arrived late.

Joseph was really a good-natured man, so everybody respected him.

Everybody respected Joseph because he was really a good-natured man.

They were not happy in their married life, so they got separated.

They got separated because they were not happy in their married life.

Peter kept on telling a pack of lies, so Mary left him forever after learning it.

Because Peter kept on telling a pack of lies, Mary left him forever after learning it.

He had a strong will, so he could recover from Corona.

He could recover from Corona because he had a strong will.

Her performance was outstanding, so the audience applauded her.

Because her performance was outstanding, the audience applauded her.

He was a man of his word, so people adored him a lot.

People adored him a lot because he was a man of his word.

She was very snobbish, so she had been left alone in the long run.

She had been left alone because she was very snobbish.

John was coughing constantly, so he didn’t talk at all.

Because John was coughing constantly, he didn’t talk at all.

He was feeling sleepy, so he stopped reading.

He stopped reading because he was feeling sleepy.

Clara was ailing severely, so she didn’t attend the college for a month.

Clara didn’t attend the college for a month because she was ailing severely.

She was damned busy, so I couldn’t talk to her.

I couldn’t talk to her because she was damned busy.

He misbehaved in the classroom, so the teacher asked him to go out.

The teacher asked him to go out because he misbehaved in the classroom.

It was too hot, so they left the windows open.

They left the windows open because it was too hot.

David lost the key of his bike, so he took a taxi.

David took a taxi because he lost the key of his bike.

Robert studied hard, so he stood first in the class.

Robert stood first in the class because he studied hard.

They fought with each other, so they are not talking to each other.

They are not talking to each other because they fought with each other.

She watered the plant regularly, so it grew well.

The plant grew well because she watered it regularly.

The mother sacrificed her whole life, so the children are well-settled now.

The children are well-settled now because the mother sacrificed her whole life.

He is very clever, so he doesn’t need any tuition.

He doesn’t need any tuition because he is very clever.

Peter was very cunning, so he earned a lot of money.

Peter earned a lot of money because he was very cunning.

The weather was very cloudy, so they cancelled the picnic.

They cancelled the picnic because the weather was very cloudy.

It was very windy, so she closed all the windows.

She closed all the windows because it was very windy.

They work hard, so they are successful.

They are successful because they work hard.

Mary is submissive, so she had to suffer a lot.

Because Mary is submissive, she had to suffer a lot.

Amanda has been working the whole day, so she is very fatigued.

Amanda is very fatigued because she has been working the whole day.

There was too much sugar in the tea, so I couldn’t drink it.

Because there was too much sugar in the tea, I couldn’t drink it.

He was very old, so he grew weaker.

He grew weaker because he was very old.

Emma spoke very politely and softly, so the officer granted her request.

The officer granted Emma’s request because she spoke very politely and softly.

We reached the station late, so we missed the train.

We missed the train because we reached the station late.

She sang excellently, so the audience showered laurels upon her.

The audience showered laurels upon her because she sang excellently.

Their love was true, so nobody could separate them ever.

Because their love was true, nobody could separate them ever.

She is very proud by nature, so doesn’t talk to the poor.

She doesn’t talk to the poor because she is very proud by nature.

You are the student of law, so you must read literature.

You must read literature because you are the student of law.

The entire family is Corona positive, so they are quarantined.

They are quarantined because the entire family is Corona positive.

 She kept her promise to behave properly, so she succeeded in her life.

She succeeded in her life because she kept her promise to behave properly.

He was asked to do that, so he did it.

He did it because he was asked to that.

Everything happened according to his wish, so he was blissful.

He was blissful because everything happened according to his wish.

It was so dark, so she got very scared.

She got scared because it was so dark.


Examples: Set 2

Her father scolded her because she was playing games on the cellphone.

She was playing games on the cellphone, so her father scolded her.

Michael was overjoyed because he got good grades in the exam.

Michael got good grades in the exam, so he was overjoyed.

I watched the full movie yesterday because it was very thrilling and interesting.

It was very thrilling and interesting, so I watched the full movie yesterday.

She helped me today because I had helped her earlier.

I had helped her earlier, so she helped me today.

Clara didn’t disturb James because he was busy reading the office file.

James was busy reading the office file, so Clara didn’t disturb him.

The mother was hurt because her son didn’t eat anything.

Her son didn’t eat anything, so the mother was hurt.

John made a mistake while writing because he got distracted.

John got distracted, so he made a mistake while writing.

She was praised by all because she gave an outstanding dance performance.

She gave an outstanding dance performance, so she was praised by all.

Nothing can make you happy because it is the state of your mind.

It is the state of your mind, so nothing can make you happy.

Jessica ordered the food from hotel because she was not feeling well.

Jessica was not feeling well, so she ordered the food from hotel.

Every man has a desire for Helen because she is extremely beautiful.

Helen is extremely beautiful, so every man has a desire for her.

They are a perfect couple because they have a mutual understanding.

They have a mutual understanding, so they are a perfect couple.

She could complete the task in time because she burnt the midnight oil.

She burnt the midnight oil, so she could complete the task in time.

They do not speak to each other because both of them are egoistic.

Both of them are egoistic, so they do not speak to each other.

We had to wait for some time, because it was raining so heavily.

It was raining so heavily, so we had to wait for some time.

Everybody stays aloof from Mrs. Bennett because she is so quarrelsome.

Mrs. Bennett is so quarrelsome, so everybody stays aloof from her.

The child was sobbing because his father beat him ruthlessly.

His father beat him ruthlessly, so the child was sobbing.

He had joined the gym because he wanted to lose his excessive weight.

He wanted to lose his excessive weight, so he joined the gym.

The kid learnt everything early because he is a quick learner.

He is a quick learner, so the kid learnt everything early.

Elsa got offended because the prince was ignoring her.

The prince was ignoring her, so Elsa got offended.

I could not trust her again because she told lies to me every time.

She told lies to me every time, so I could not trust her again.

Everybody burst into laughter because he cracked a very funny joke.

He cracked a very funny joke, so everybody burst into laughter.

She broke down because her father met with an accident.

Her father met with an accident, so she broke down.

Roger goes to school every day because he is a very sincere student.

Roger is a very sincere student, so he goes to school every day.

Everybody loves her a lot because the little girl is very cute.

The little girl is very cute, so everybody loves her a lot.

Peter banged the door because he was extremely furious.

Peter was extremely furious, so he banged the door.

My father doesn’t spend time with me because he is very busy with his work.

My father is very busy with his work, so he doesn’t spend time with me.

A lot students failed in that subject because they didn’t attend most of the lectures.

They didn’t attend most of the lectures, so a lot of students failed in that subject.

She committed suicide because she had lost confidence in herself.

She had lost confidence in herself, so she committed suicide.

The officer demanded bribes from people because he wanted to become rich early.

He wanted to become rich early, so the officer demanded bribes from people.

They succeeded in life because they supported each other.

They supported each other, so they succeeded in life.

I had an ice-cream because I felt like having it.

I felt like having it, so I had an ice-cream.

Many students do not get jobs because they lack skills.

They lack skills, so many students do not get jobs.

He watches the horror movies because he likes those.

He likes those, so he watches the horror movies.

John tolerates Ruth’s every mistake because he loves her deeply.

He loves her deeply, so John tolerates Ruth’s every mistake.

He had to stop studying last night because the lights went off.

The lights went off, so he had to stop studying last night.

She starts crying easily because she is very emotional.

She is very emotional, so she starts crying easily.

Piggy could not run in the race fast because he was overweight.

He was overweight, so Piggy could not run in the race fast.

His eyes are smarting because he constantly works on the computer.

He constantly works on the computer, so his eyes are smarting.

I love spending time in the lap of Nature because it is very soothing and refreshing.

It is very soothing and refreshing, so I love spending time in the lap of Nature.

He decided to give up smoking because it was affecting his children.

It was affecting his children, so he decided to give up smoking.

ENGLISH GRAMMAR


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